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According to Costa (2008) the 21st century learning environment has brought about a shift from simply delivering content that is to be remembered, to students being able to access, select, analyse and re-shape information to meet their needs.To do this effectively, and with integrity, students must be well grounded in the skills of digital citizenship.
By using the language that surrounds the habits of mind in our classroom, and discussing our learning intentions around becoming digital citizens, we can begin to build these essential skills in an authentic environment. Hobbs (2015) explains the importance of not presenting this as a list of don’ts, but rather with optimism and a set of mindsets that allow students make wise and responsible choices.
Arthur L. Costa is a professor of education at California State University, Sacramento, and cofounder of the Institute for Intelligent Behavior in El Dorado Hills, Calif. Costa has devoted his career to improving education through more thought-full instruction and assessment. In the youtube clip embedded below, he goes a brief explanation as to why we need to teach our 21st century learners to become digital citizens with efficient habits of mind.





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The Australian Federal Police website, Think you Know explains the difficult times that today's students have in regards to the changing understanding of privacy. The Safety and Privacy page of this wikispace presents students with activities to enable them to develop skills to manage both their own privacy and that of others.
The Safety and Privacy online video allows students to understand what their personal information is and the importance of keeping it private.
The Hector’s World is a series of animated videos that students can watch and learn how to stay safe online. The videos align with the Australian curriculum’s statements of Learning for Information Communications and Technology and reinforce the idea of keeping your personal information safe. There are links to all the videos and lesson plans for lower middle and upper primary students on the Office of children’s e-safety commissioners website.
Buddie is a Stage 2 & 3 based Cyber-safety based education resource, it is again aligned with the NSW & Australian Curriculum. Buddie is a series of short 5-10 minutes interactive activities that raise a variety of cyber-safety issues including passwords safety, uploading of images to the web, Web security and the difference between public and private information.
This page encourages students to use their habits of mind to stay safe when online and to make being a digital citizen part of their everyday life.
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The Australian curriculum aims to shape students into socially conscious, global citizens who have a penchant for lifelong learning, and are able to participate successfully in the 21st century real world and digital environment.

The Australian curriculum aims to shape students into socially conscious, global citizens who have a penchant for lifelong learning, and are able to participate successfully in the 21st century real world and digital environment. Students who are 'active and informed citizens' need to develop 'awareness of their responsibilities as global citizens' when they interact online (Melbourne Declaration, MCEETYA, 2012).

The Australian National Curriculum ‘Intercultural Understanding’ capability suggests that students learn about the variable nature of culture (languages, beliefs, and customs) by first exploring the diversity they have in their own families. The Intercultural Understanding capability involves students “learning about and engaging with diverse cultures in ways that recognise commonalities and differences, create connections with others and cultivate mutual respect” and “Intercultural understanding is an essential part of living with others in the diverse world of the 21st century, and will assist young people to become responsible local and global citizens, equipped through their education for living and working together in an interconnected world” (Linsday, 2016, p. 25).

These organising elements have been identified to helps students to become culturally aware global citizens:
  • Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Interacting and empathizing with others
  • Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
  • Respecting the viewpoints of others
  • Understanding different perspectives
  • Thinking independently
  • Communicating with clarity, respect and mindfulness
Using these elements to guide responsible behaviour will also assist students with online etiquette.
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Citizens growing and learning in the 21st century have a responsibility to not only develop a strong sense of who they are and how they can behave respectfully within their physical communities but they also have to develop this same awareness and responsibility in the online environment.

Interactions online are not as visible as those we see on a daily basis in the classroom and playground. In the classroom and on the playground, we witness interactions and are able to provide those social opportunities that extend on what has been taught in class as they are occurring. We need to make a conscious effort to ensure that we identify these same opportunities in the online environment. It is easier to create a positive online image rather than repair a damaged one.

Encourage your students to always be aware whenever they are using technology in the classroom and at home. Reinforce the idea that a digital footprint is an asset that must be taken great care of. The learning activities in the Footprints page of this Wikispace is a great platform for engaging in these types of discussions.


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